The Badminton is a popular sport today a racquet sport played by two players (singles) or two pairs (doubles), who take positions on opposite sides of a tennis rectangular court that is divided by a net half. The history of badminton in Spain has a long history in which great efforts are noted to be recognized as an official sport. Considered one of the fastest sports among racquet games, players must score or score points by hitting a shuttle with their racket, trying to pass over the net and land in the vicinity of the opponent’s court. As one of the rules of badminton, The flyer can only be hit once on each side before it passes over the net, it is not allowed to step on or touch the ground of the track. And for this, you need to have one of the best racket for badminton. The steering wheel (also called shuttle) is a projectile with feathers with unique aerodynamic properties that make it fly differently than the balls used in most racquet sports. In particular, the feathers create a much greater resistance, causing the steering wheel to slow down more quickly than a ball. The steering wheels have an incredibly much higher speed than the speed acquired by the balls of other racquet sports. As badminton is an indoor game you need to have to get the best badminton shoes to be able to sustain in the indoor environment.
Badminton is also played outdoors as an occasional recreational activity, often as a game of garden or beach. For competitions and championships, where the athlete performs more, requires an excellent physical condition: players require aerobic endurance, agility, strength, speed and precision. On the other hand, it is also a technical sport, which requires good motor coordination and the development of sophisticated racquet movements, as well as strategies and good mentality to be able to face the game or raise it if there are disadvantages. Next, the governing and history of the badminton as well as the badminton history in Spain.
On the steering wheel, one of the essentials that characterize this sport, often, is called “bird” because its feathers are reminiscent of one of these animals. Today, some models are made of plastic, but the competition flyers have 16 real feathers. Experts say that the best flyers are those made from feathers taken from the left wing of a goose. It should be noted that badminton is currently an Olympic sport that is played in five different modalities: individual (either female or male) and doubles. The best of 3 sets is played, the set is fulfilled when reaching 21 points, with a difference of two points.
It is difficult to determine exactly when badminton or its predecessor was born. Badminton, in any of its most remote varieties, was known in antiquity as a form of physical activity since ancient Greece more than two thousand years ago. However, it will be a difficult recognition of this sport in most modern times.
In Japan, a related game was played, the so-called ‘ hanetsuki ‘ in the sixteenth century. Frequently, this game was played by girls to start the new year, although the game could be played by any gender in its two game modes. Thus, they should try to keep the steering wheel on top as much as possible. According to the Japanese tradition, it was said that the longer the flyer remained in the air, the more protection players would enjoy against mosquitoes during the next year.
It is also considered that badminton is a modern version of a primitive game invented in China, although not enough data has been found to corroborate it. By the year 1600, people in Europe, especially in France, were already playing the ‘jeu de volant ‘ , a game that used a racket to make the projectile or flyer fly. However, the final origin of the badminton is centered on the indigenous natives of India, who enjoyed a very similar game previously named as ‘Poona’. When the ‘Poona’ It was discovered by British army officers, they did not hesitate to move it to England, specifically starting with the Jolly Old England region. The game thus experienced a name change to ‘Lawn Tennis with shuttlecocks’ (‘shuttlecock’ is what would be translated as the steering wheel) . Thus, British army officers would decide to take the Hindu version of this game, taking it back to England in the 1860s.
The modern badminton can be established from the ‘ Poona ‘ in India, a Hindu game of children whose objective was to see how long a group could keep the wheel hitting it with the rackets of that time, called “battledore” or “paddles”. However, ” Poona ” was not a competitive sport, it was a game that was originally played without a net, until ‘Poona’ passed into the hands of the English, becoming a competitive sport among British army officers.
The new sport was definitively launched in 1873 in Gloucestershire. The Duke of Beaufort, was one of the pioneers of this sport since he began to practice regularly on his country estate called ” Badminton House “, a large farmhouse in his possession. During that time, the game was referred to as ” The Game of Badminton ” after a series of modifications. This is how the name of his farm gave the name to this sport in its infancy. The first English book published on the subject in 1860, already gave the current name entitled ” Badminton Battledore, a New Game .” On the other hand, Isaac Spratt, a distributor of toys in London, published a brochure alluding to this same name, although, unfortunately, no copy could be preserved. The game was a success and soon became popular among the British elite.
Once settled in England, it would be played in cottages as a recreational activity for all the nobles and upper-class people. The game was played both indoors and outdoors on a court with an hourglass shape. It has been suggested that this unusual form was developed so that the game could be played in Victorian salons, large rooms with doors that opened inwards on both sides. However, it was later, in the year 1901, when the official badminton court became rectangular.
Until 1887 the sport was played in England under the rules that prevailed in India.
From those years, badminton clubs began to start and expand throughout England. In 1893, badminton had grown to the point that fourteen clubs came together to form the Badminton Association. Later, when more countries started their own federations, the name of this institution was modified and its origin was added, changing its name to the Badminton Association of England, one of the most powerful institutions in relation to this sport. This institution was paramount for the standardization of the laws, rules and rules of this sport and, in addition, it carried out important actions to organize and initiate the world of badminton tournaments. Thus, he managed to organize the first badminton tournament in the world: the ‘ All-England Badminton Championship’ .
While this new sport extended to several other countries, the need for an international board of directors became evident to provide even more strength. In 1893, the Badminton Association of England published the first set of rules in accordance with these regulations. In addition, another of the most important institutions was born at that time that would have repercussions throughout the world: the International Badminton Federation (IBF ). Currently, this institution is known as the World Badminton Federation, which was established in 1934 with Canada, Denmark, England, France, Holland, Ireland, New Zealand, Scotland and Wales as its founding members. India joined as an affiliate shortly after, in 1936. This institution, known at that time by the acronym BWF, would now govern the international badminton and develop the sport worldwide. A short time later, another great engine to promote this sport would emerge, the American Badminton Association (ABA), which would be formed in the United States in 1936. This institution joined the IBF in 1938 but, in 1978, the ABA changed his name to the United States Badminton Association.
As the best players went from playing in gardens and halls to competition tracks, naturally, they wanted to compete with other high-level athletes. The ‘ All-England’ , the first championship, would provide this good opportunity to be able to get to know more and to be able to dedicate themselves professionally in this sport. In 1938, players from other countries began to compete in this tournament. An American woman, Judy Hashman, won 17 titles in this championship, the highest amount seen in any player in history.
More tournaments and competitions began to appear with a great boom, strength and demand since the sport continued to attract more competitive players. In 1939, Sir George Thomas donated the ‘ Thomas Cup’, a trophy that would be awarded in the International Badminton Championship for the best individual male players. By then, badminton could be played by men or women in the singles and doubles competition, and by teams of mixed doubles (male and female). Thomas was a British grass tennis champion who switched to badminton and won 90 tournament titles for 24 years. Thomas was also the first president of the IBF.
In 1949, the ‘ Thomas Cup’ became a world championship competition for men like the ‘ Davis Cup’ in tennis. In 1956, the ‘ Uber Cup’ competition was created for women, in honor of Betty Uber of England, one of the best badminton doubles players. Since 1982, the international team championships have been playing every two years, coinciding even years. In odd years, professional athletes compete individually to obtain international prizes and trophies.
Although it originated in England, the international badminton has been traditionally dominated by Asian countries, although including some European country such as Denmark. China, Indonesia, South Korea and Malaysia are among the nations that have consistently produced the best players, professionals recognized worldwide in recent decades, and who have dominated international competitions, with China being the most prominent in recent years. years. Regardless of the awards and trophies, the history of badminton has always been cosmopolitan, bringing together a diversity of countries and cultures. Although it was generated in the classic Mediterranean world, with a prominent Hindu influence, Asia was the continent that really embraced the game and tried to exploit it to the maximum in recent times.
However, as has been said before, the recognition of this sport in international events has been a long and complicated road. Only in the mid-sixties were efforts made to include badminton in the Olympic program. First, it began with an event of several exhibition and demonstration games for the Munich Olympic Games in 1972. At that time, it began to have hope and the belief that the Olympic stage would not be too far away. The exhibition event was held on September 4 on two tracks in a volleyball hall. More than 3000 spectators enjoyed the game on the only day that was played. At that time, 25 players from 11 member associations participated. Thus, the Australians Rudy Hartono and Noriko Nakayama won the individual game titles, while Ade Chandra and Christian Hadinata of Indonesia and Derek Talbot and Gillian Gilks of England won the mixed doubles. At that time, there were no female doubles.
On February 24, 1978, a parallel body called the World Badminton Federation was formed. Thus, thirteen Asian associations and six African associations came to constitute this new separatist group of the IBF. The division of the IBF derailed its ambitions for badminton at the Olympic Games. However, it did not take long for a later unification of both parties. On May 26, 1981, IBF and WBF signed a “Unification Act” in Tokyo. Thanks to this unification, hopes grew again to be able to incorporate this sport into the world Olympic scope. The IOC president, Juan Antonio Samaranch, attended the IBF World Championship in 1983. The event produced some exciting badminton shows and he ended up so excited that he was convinced that badminton had a place in the Olympic program.
Meanwhile, the number of exhibitions and championships increased, such as the one held in Seoul in 1988, and a world event was held in the gymnasium of the National University of Seoul, home of table tennis. Thirty players from eight member associations made the trip to Seoul. The hosts had a good run with three gold medals, courtesy of Hwang Hye Young (women’s singles), Kim Yun Ja and Chung So Young (women’s doubles) and Park Joo Bong and Chung Myung Hee (mixed doubles).
The most sought moment arrived on June 5, 1985, at the 90th Session of the IOC. That day, it was declared that badminton would be included unanimously in the Olympic Games of Barcelona in 1992. On July 28, 1992, the dream of millions of badminton fans was fulfilled. Barcelona saw 178 badminton players from 37 countries participate in these Olympic Games . The action in the court justified all the hard work that had been done to bring the badminton to the Olympics. A first-round women’s doubles match between Gill Clark and Julie Bradbury (England) and Rosiana Tendean and Erma Sulistianingsih (Indonesia) was so impressive that, as reported in the media, the television audience was 150 million.
However, there was no category event of “mixed doubles” in the Olympic Games in Barcelona.
Over the next five Olympic Games, such as in Atlanta (1996), Sydney (2000), Athens (2004), Beijing (2008) and London (2012), the impact of badminton at the Olympic Games became stronger, with a very prominent audience, constantly breaking records. Meanwhile, in 2005, IBF was renamed BWF (Badminton World Federation).
From 1996 in Atlanta, the category of mixed doubles was introduced, making badminton one of the few sports in which men and women shared the playing field. Another important change was the tiebreak for the bronze that, previously, they gave to the semi-finalists directly.
The Olympic Games in London in 2012 saw the introduction of group competition. The same format would be followed for the Olympic Games in Rio de Janeiro in 2016, but in which there would be a tie after the group stage to prevent the players from anticipating their opponents in the elimination phase. Thus, Rio would offer a great stage for this sport expanding in South America. There is no doubt that the evolution and history of badminton in the last two decades has been intertwined with the Olympic Games.